12 Things Not to Miss in Nepal

Nepal is considered one of the most loved trekking destinations of the world. And for the fareshare it is the best way to explore Nepal’s natural and cultural wonders. Almost 90% of tourist visit Nepal for the sole purpose of trekking.

Beside trekking here are some of the things not to miss during your stay. Staying on for at least a few days to explore this vibrant, colourful country is worth it.

#1 Thamel “tourist mecca

thamel kathmandu

Thamel boasts a lifestyle different from the rest of greater Kathmandu. The dingy bars, loud western music, trance parties and posh diners give the real impression of the city. 

#2 MoMo”an addictive snack

Momo nepal

Find them anywhere from street stalls to fancy restaurant. Momo is basically a meat or veggie dumpling served with dipping sauce made from tomato. 

#3 Elephant Bathing

elephant bathing

One of the most entertaining activities for tourist in Chitwan National Park. You can join the fun just remember they are one of the heaviest land mammal.  

#4 Rickshaw Ride

Rickshaw ride nepal

Hop in and prepare yourself for a thrill ride. Rickshaw Ride is one of the cheapest way to explore the old towns of kathmandu. Make sure you settle on a price and length of journey beforehand.

#5 Rafting or Bungee

Love Adventure!! Pedel down some of the fast flowing rivers or jumping into a 160 meter vertical drop..it’s your choice. Both are a must do adventure.

#6 Chiya “tea”

Nepali tea chiya

Stop by into a local roadside tea stall [they are the best] and take a sip of hot,sweet,milky & spicy Chiya.

#7 Bus Ride “Make it Local”

Local bus ride]

Ride on a public bus may be uncomfortable, crowded but they get you close to everyday life.

#8 A day in Bhaktapur

Bhaktapur durbar square

Bhaktapur a well as preserved ancient city that is itself a world to explore for tourists. Home of traditional art and architecture, historical monuments and craft works.

#9 Boating in Fewa Lake

phewa lake boating

Rent a boat, lay back and relax in the clam and peaceful fewa lake with the stunning view of the Annapurna Range.

#10 The Himalayas

mountains-nepal

Even if you don’t go trekking, you cannot miss the wonderful and Majestic mountains ranges. Tips: Nagarkot [outside Kathmandu valley] a classic view point, Sarangkot [outside Pokhara] or Mountain flights are the best possible way.

#11 Festivals

festivals of nepal

Be a part of some of the most colourful & vibrant festivals in Nepal. More than 50 plus festivals are celebrated each year,  no matter which time of the year you visit, Nepal promises a rewarding festive experience. 

#12 Sunrise & Sunset

the-himalayas

Delight yourself with some of the best and never before experienced sunrise/sunset in the Himalaya of Nepal.


If Nepal Does Not Bring Smile to Your Face Every Single Day,then You are a Lost Cause. -Jack Witts

The Newārs (Chapter II): Continuing the Rich Heritage

This story has been compiled into two sets of chapters. Chapter I: The Genesis and Chapter II: Continuing the Rich Heritage.


Chapter II: Continuing the Rich Heritage

Newārs or Newār people are one of the indigenous tribes of Nepal. A historically and culturally rich group of people, Newārs are known as the native inhabitants of Kathmandu valley.

Contents


Newari Language

Newār or Newari/Nepal Bhasa (नेपाल भाषा) is the native tongue of the Newār population. Primitively spoken inside Kathmandu valley, the languge reached to farther stretches of Nepal with the migration. Outside Nepal, Newari is spoken in India, particularly in Sikkim, where it is one of eleven official languages.

Nepal Bhasa should not be misunderstood with Nepali language. The prior is from Sino-Tibetan linguistic family, whereas Nepali is from the Indo-Aryan family.

From 1952 to 1991, the percentage of the population in the Kathmandu Valley speaking Newār dropped from 75% to 44%, and Newār culture and language are under threat. The language has been listed as being “definitely endangered” by UNESCO.

Nepal Bhasa Patrika

Nepal Bhasa Patrika, a local Newari news daily, which has been out of circulation due to lack of readership

It is known have diverged around 2200 BC. During and after Newārs’ rule in Kathmandu, Newari was widely spoken and dominantly used as the official language. The publications, inscriptions, official decree were all carried out in the Newari. The period 1505-1847 AD is known to be the golden age for Newar literature, when finest literature were produced in great numbers.

The language is in decline since the the conquest of Kathmandu valley by the Gorkha kingdom. It has been replaced by Nepali language as the state and court language. IT also suffered heavily under the repressive policy of the autocratic Rana regime (1846–1951 AD) when it was attempted to be wiped out entirely.


Festivals & Celebrations

Newār festivals are the most dynamic, frequent and rich celebrations in the entire Nepal. The festivals are derived from various occurrences and events. Lavish feasts, street parades, carnivals and dances are few of the attributed of these festivities. Celebrated according to the Lunar calendar, the dates vary every year.

Mohani (Dashain) & Swanti (Tihar) are two major Newari festivals. The local New Year which falls during Swanti is welcomed doing Mha Puja. Bhai Tika, Yenya Punhi (Indra Jatra/Kumari Jatra), Sā Pāru (Gai Jatra), Red/White Chariot festive (Machhindranath Jatra) are few of the major festivals of Newārs. Many locals residing in different parts of Kathmandu valley, i.e. Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kirtipur etc tend to organize their own festive endemic to their milieu.

The greater Newari festivals are feast for the eyes, therefore, most tourists visiting Nepal tend to spend more time in Kathmandu to observe and explore the Newari customs and lifestyles. If you are visiting Nepal anytime soon, do care to check the Nepali calendar or your agents for local festivities.

Yenya Punhi

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Relic of Lord Ganesha carried during Indra Jjatra

Relic of Lord Ganesha carried during Indra Jjatra

It is a festival belonging to the Newari community of Kathmandu. Celebrated as a street festival, it carries a historic and mythological significance to the bygone Lichhavi and Malla Kingdom of Nepal.

The occasion is remembered for two different events, Indra Jatra and Kumari Jatra, where one celebrates the Hindu God Indra (God of Rain & heaven) and the other celebrates the arrival of virgin deity or a living goddess.

Kumari Jatra celebrates the living goddess Kumari, a virgin deity. Started by King Jaya Prakash Mall of the Malla Kingdom in 1756, the festivals offers a tribute to the goddess Taleju Bhawani.


Social Structure & Customs

Introduced during the Licchavi Kingdom (400 – 750 AD), Newārs distinguish themselves into groups on the basis of Vedic varna model (Hindu structure) and divided according to their hereditary occupations.

You can find both the Buddhist and Hindu followers in this society. The Vedic varna classifies the Newārs among 4 different castes; Brahmin, Kshatryia, Vaishya & Sudras. The Brahmans or Rājopādhyāya are the Hindu Newār priests and are known to hold the highest position in the local society. Similarly, Gubhāju-Bare are the highest priests among the Buddhist Newar community.

Other classified community inside the Newārs are Shrestha, Uray and Jyapu. They account for the highest portion of the local population and hold the prime positions in socioeconomic, financial and agricultural sectors.

Marriage/Nuptials

Newari marriage

Newari marriage

It is patrilocal and monogamous practice, and the ceremony tends be lavish and complex. Historically, they followed the practice of arranged marriages, however, today, most youngsters find their own partners.

For them, the spouse must belong to different descent-group lineages within the same caste. Outside Kathmandu, the rule of “seven generations” of descent is observed; members who fall within the common descent group of seven generations are restricted from marrying each-other, similar to that of Brahmins and Chhetris of Nepal and India.


~Gallery~


~Video~

 Newar musicians, Nepal 1955-56


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Exploring India’s Golden Triangle

India's Golden Triangle

India’s Golden Triangle

India’s Golden Triangle Δ is a tourist circuit which connects the national capital Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. The Golden Triangle is so called because of the triangular shape formed by the locations of New Delhi, Agra and Rajasthan on a map, and is one of the most traveled route in the country.

It’also is a popular tourist destination because it covers 3 different cities and their unique cultures.

The circuit is about 720 km by road. Each leg is about 4 to 6 hours of drive.


First Leg: DELHI

Delhi or City of Djinns is the capital of India. It is the most historical place in the entire India. The settlers first inhabited the region in 2nd Century BC. According to the legend, it’s believed to be the capital Indraprastha of the Pandavas from the epic Mahabharata.

It has been captured, ransacked, destroyed and rebuilt numerous times during the Delhi Sultanate, Sayyid and Lodhi Dynasty, Mughal Empire and British India. A historical and socioeconomic stronghold of India, Delhi is equally a favorite of the most travelers for its fusion of old and newer lifestyles, culture, hullabaloo and history.

Some of the tourist attraction sites in Delhi are;

  • Red Fort (Lal Quila)
  • Jama Masjid
  • Tomb of Humayun
  • Qutub Minar
  • Presidential Palace
  • Chandani Chowk

Second Leg: AGRA

Agra is the home of the iconic Taj Mahal, a white marble mausoleum built by the 5th Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, for his favorite consort Mumtaj Mahal. Located on the banks of yamuna river in Uttar Pradesh, Agra is another historical place with past riches from Mughal empire.

It was the capital during the times of Sikandar Lodhi and Mughals. You can find the sacred tomb of Akbar the Great located at Sikandra, Agra.

Some of the most popular tourist sites in Agra are;

  • Taj Mahal
  • Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra
  • Fatehpur Sikri
  • Agra Fort
  • Makameshwar Temple
  • I’timād-Ud-Daulah

Third Leg: JAIPUR

Jaipur, also known as the Pink City, is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amer after whom the city is named. It’s one of the most popular tourist destinations in India and serves as the gateway for other Rajasthani states, such as; Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Udaypur and Bikaner.

It was planned to relocate the capital of Amer from Dausa to current location to accommodate water scarcity and growing population.

It is known for its authentic Rajasthani roots. It’s exquisite cuisines, rich culture, couture and customs set it apart from its neighboring Indian states.

Some of the major attractions of Jaipur are,

  • Hawa Mahal
  • Nahargarh Fort
  • Amer Fort
  • Jal Mahal
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Laxmi Narayan Temple

Nepal Vision Treks & Expedition, a South Asian outdoor agency, specializes in a complete Golden Triangle Tour.

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The Ultimate Travel Bucket list for 2016.

New Year always brings new hope and a new beginning. A brand new chapter in life’s waiting to be written and new questions are to be asked. So why not try something different this 2016, something adventurous. Why not travel and explore to some of the least explored regions of the world and live the adventure.

Our expert travel managers have searched far and wide and identified places that all deserve a spot at the top of your bucket list in 2016. Who Knows they all might be your dream destination!!

Everest “Base Camp”

Yes we are talking about the highest peak in the world. Standing tall at 8848 meters [i.e. 29,029 feet] is a must see once in a lifetime.

There are many ways you can reach the Everest Base Camp, among the many alternative most of the trekker prefer the Classic Everest trail or the North Base Camp via Tibet which is easily accessible by road.

Trekkers usually fly from Kathmandu to Lukla [Tenzing hillary airport one of the most dangerous airport of the world] to start their trek whereas the North Base Camp; the tibet side it is a different story. The North Base Camp is accessed by vehicle through a 100 km road branching to the South from the Friendship Highway.

The best time to visit Everest is in the spring April to mid-June and autumn September to November

Bhutan “Land of Thunder Dragons”

The Land of Dragons Bhutan is one of the least explored place by foreign tourist. Almost completely cut off for centuries bhutan is known for its monasteries, fortress and impressive topography from subtropical plains to steep mountains and valley.

Top Places to Visit in Bhutan

Rich in hospitality and quality service, the primary attraction in Bhutan is it’s natural beauty and century old manmade cultural treasures.

You can Visit Bhutan in any time of the year, however the Monsoon [June, July & August] is not recommended due to the wet conditions.

Learn more @ Bhutan Travel Guide.

Lhasa “The Overland Tour”

Overland tours in Tibet offer some of the most exciting sightseeing experiences of Himalaya and high-altitude valleys. Tibet which is still largely unexplored, makes a perfect destination for adventure seekers and holidayers.

Glimpses of the “overland tour”

Tibet is open all around the calendar and one can visit Tibet any time they want. Best time to visit Tibet is in the summer or the early winter – from April to November.

The “Annapurna” Region

In the North West of Nepal, Annapurna Region is one of the most visited and has some of the world’s best trekking routes. Paradise to trekkers, this region is one of the wettest, driest and the windiest places in Nepal. Describe as heaven on earth by many trekkers and nature lover, Annapurna region is visited three times more than any other trekking destination in Nepal.

Home to several world-class treks

The months between March to May (spring) and September to December (autumn) are the best months to trek the Annapurna region. The days will be warm and nights will be generally cold with cool breezes.

Everest “Heli Tour”

Join the adventure and fun exploring the astonishing vistas of the Himalayas. Taking a helicopter tour over the Himalayas is a truly outstanding venture, filled with awe-inspiring surroundings and glorious peaks.

A lifetime experience 

Everest Heli tour

This memorable “Everest Heli tour” aerial journey takes you to the most iconic place of the World’s

The Everest Helicopter tour is one of the easy and the best way to see the mighty Everest up close and personal. March to May and September to November are the best months for Everest Heli tour, where the sky is clear with some breathtaking views.

Gokyo Valley

Gokyo Valley a valley in the shadow of four 8000ers including Everest is undoubtedly is one of the most popular trekking destinations for adventure enthusiasts around the globe.

Popular offbeat treks

See Everest and its surrounding from a different perspective. Beside the 4 8000er’s the other highlight of Gokyo valley trek is the turquoise glacial lakes; which are walkable during winter. The best month to visit Gokyo is September to November and March to May.

Nepal’s Remote Region 

Nepal’s remote Himalayan region is always the great query for the adventure. The high-altitude valleys, untouched Shangri-Las and pockets of pristine Himalayan culture is what the remote regions of Nepal are known for.

Remarkable gems in the Himalaya

The remote regions of Nepal provide you with the fabulous mountain scenery, ranged from the high-altitude Trans-Himalayan deserts of Upper Mustang and upper Dolpo to the deep jungle gorges of Manaslu to Kanchenjunga and one of the largest lakes of Nepal, Rara Lake.

Explore more remote corners of the himalaya >> Here

Mt. Kailash “Spiritual Journey to Tibet”  

Mt Kailash trek can be one of the best adventure-travels for the trekkers. The trek aims to introduce you to the colorful and culturally rich city of Lhasa “The Forbidden City,” along with observing local landscapes and tribal found in Kailash region.

Kailash trek will suit best for those looking to travel the isolated valleys of Himalaya. The best month for the spiritual trek is from March to October.


Only Dreams Give Birth to Change!!

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5 Common Problems Encountered While Trekking

Trekking is one of the most popular outdoor activities in the world. It’s the more strenuous version of hiking and is mostly undertaken for adventure. Nepal, Northern India, Australia and North-western America some of the most popular trek-ubs in the world.

Trekking in langtang region

Trekking in langtang region

Trekking is getting popular among the masses lately. Proper gears come handy during any trek. To accommodate the harsh weather and condition of the trail, the outfitters have managed to produce some of the best outdoor gears,  however, it doesn’t ensure your safety or health if you are careless or ill-prepared for your trek.

These are some common problems and remedies during the trekking.


#1 Blisters

Blisters occur on the skin surface when the moisture of skin is deprived due to constant rubbing. This is a common problem during treks involving continuous walking. The improper size of the trekking shoes, socks, wet feet and cleanlessness may cause blisters.

To avoid it, you must always wear strong yet soft shoes to let the air pass and keep your feet moisturized. Heavy and thick shoes must be avoided, along with wearing newly bought shoes. It’s better to break the shoes beforehand or consider wearing the same old pair. Take a break during the trek and take off your shoes for a while or better clean your feet with water.

#2 Acute Mountain Sickness

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) or altitude sickness is another common misfortune of high altitude trekking. During high altitude treks, as the trail ascends the oxygen or air flow reduces, which may trigger many health flaws. AMS is a symptom when your body cannot acclimatize the surrounding environment and starts giving up. Nausea, headache, breathlessness, sleep deprivation etc are common symptoms of AMS.

Diamox Pills

Diamox Pills

Generally, you should be well prepared and acclimatized while ascending above 3,000 m (9,843 ft), because, by every 1000 m the oxygen level will decrease by 20%. To prevent AMS, you must not ascend too quick and take required recesses during the trek. Spending more time acclimatizing can help your body cope with the alien environment.

As a precaution, medics also suggest you to take Diamox, an anti-AMS pill, to prevent AMS in the higher altitude.

#3 Sore Feet/Joints

Sore feet or joints is common during any strenuous treks. The continuous walking may create problem in your joints and ligaments. Most of this condition can be related to health problems, however, how you prepare yourself during the trek may determine the greater chances of sores.

Obesity, weight of backpack, hard/clumsy shoes and improper body language may cause sore feet afterwards. To prevent such thing, you must keep check of your body weight, weight of the backpack and shoes. You shouldn’t be carrying heavier loads, as this may enforce more pressure on your knees and joints. Hydrotherapy (Cleaning feet with water) during a long day hike can be a good remedy for sore feet. Boot inserts may be a great help too if the sole of your shoes are harder.

#4 Fatigue

Fatigue is the result of extreme tiredness from physical or mental exertion. Walking for the entire day carrying heavy backpack and limited supply of food/water isn’t an easy task. The trekking may take a toll on your health, therefore, hydrating yourself and  eating enough calories during the trek may prevent fatigue.

3 of the most important things required on trek are; food, water and sleep. At least 4 ltrs of water, 3 huge meals with snacks containing of energy bars or high energy supplements and a good 8 hrs sleep will get you go during any trek.

#5 The ‘Khumbu Cough

The Khumbu cough, also known as the high altitude hack, is named after the area in the Everest region. Nearly all people who spend time at extreme altitude (5,500 m) may develop some degree of the Khumbu cough.  It is caused by the low humidity and sub zero temperatures and is also thought to be triggered by over exertion.

This may lead to an increased breathing rate, which exposes the delicate lung lining to excess cold air, resulting in dried out membranes and partially damaged bronchi. This causes extreme irritation which manifests itself in the form of a dry, persistent cough which can restrict breathing. Running nose, dry cough, clear/white phlegm are the symptoms of Khumbu cough.

These are the remedies for Khumbu cough as suggested by ClimbingHigh.

  • Wear a mask which heats and moisturises the air.
  • Wear a balaclava at night.
  • Wear a mask with a metallic net inserted into a lightweight shell.
  • Avoid over exertion.
  • Regulate your breathing when necessary.

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